Different Types of Level Sensors used in Industries

To measure the liquid level in the tanks various industries use different types of level sensors in the tank to measure the liquid quantities using the application as per the requirements.

In this article, we will discuss the different types of industrial level sensors used, their working process, sensor quality, and usage of the sensor in detail.

Capacitive Level Sensors

capacitive level sensor

The capacitive level sensor is used to check the fuel level changes that is being operated by a probe in the sensor. The liquid level changes in the tanks are converted into analog signals and transmitted to the data devices. Usually, the probes are made of conductive wire by Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) insulation.

There is stainless steel probe variation which is highly responsive and that is suitable for the measurement of level changes for non-conductive substances materials.

The capacitive level sensors are easy to use. They are compatible, inexpensive compared to other sensor types, have better accuracy levels, and are invasive to the products. It requires proper calibration and it is suitable for only certain liquids.

These sensors are used in applications such as tank fuel level monitoring for chemical, food, battery, brewery industries.

Optical Level Sensors

The optical sensors work on the light mechanism by emitting the light from the IR LED. It converts the light rays into the electrical signals that measure the light quantity which further translated into a proper measurement. 

The sensor is not affected by the temperature and pressure, which is suitable for any condition. This optical sensor can be used to measure any form of liquid as this sensor is small in size. 

Since it used optical LED the lens should be taken utmost care of with proper cleaning and maintenance. 

This type of sensor is used to measure the liquid in the tank and also detect any leakages that occur in the tank.

Ultrasonic Sensors

Ultrasonic sensors measure the level of liquid using high-frequency sound waves and the distance traveled to and fro from the origin, based on the time duration and strength of the sound waves that are reflected from the liquid.

Sensor mounting on the tank is critical in the ultrasonic type, since the level is measured based on the time travel between the liquid and sensor is critical, the sensor positioning on the tank needs to be taken care of.

Ultrasonic type of sensors are compatible but it is expensive, invasive to materials, at times performance can be affected by different elements. This sensor can be used for highly viscous and bulk solids.

Conductivity Level Sensors

It is also referred as a resistive level sensor. It measures the liquid level that is electrically conducive using the probe to read the conductivity. A pair of electrodes in the probe that applies the alternating current to them. 

The major disadvantage of the resistive level sensor is it is invasive and it can sense only conductive liquids.

It is used to measure the tank level for boiling water, corrosive liquids, and reagent monitoring.

Float Switch Sensor

This type of sensor is the most commonly used and cost-effective level sensor to measure the liquid level of the tank. The sensor floats on the liquid, it will raise or low when a liquid is filled or drained out. This is a simple technology with reliable output.

The major drawback of this sensor is it is invasive and has moving parts, at times it can be large in size. It is only suitable to indicate the low and high levels and doesn’t measure the variable quantities.

It is used in the tank level measurement where oil, water, chemical and other hydraulic fluids are used.

Vibrating (Tuning Sensor)

The vibrating sensor may be used to discover overfill or to save you dry-running for applications wherein there is turbulence, air bubbles, or varying products. A fork-fashioned sensing detail with tines is used in this sort of sensor.

The tuning fork sensors are cost-effective and compact, easy to install, invasive to the product, and essentially protection-unfastened.

The vibrating sensors are perfect for stable and liquid stage manipulate, which include foam and sticky substances, as well as first-rate-grained solids and powders. they have indefinite makes use of relying on the fabric that they can feel.

The vibrating sensors are perfect for solid and liquid level control, including foam and sticky materials, as well as fine-grained solids and powders. They have indefinite uses depending on the material that they can sense.

Food, beverage, mining, and chemical processing industries make use of those sensors for their applications.

Radar / Microwave Sensor

The operation of microwave sensors is similar to ultrasonic. But, the pulses tour at the velocity of light, and again; the repeatability and reliability can be exaggerated – however this time with the aid of the dielectric regular of the fluid. 

Those sensors ship microwaves by an antenna on the radar sensor. The product it truly is being sensed reflects those microwaves again to the antenna and the time from emission to receiving of the sign is proportional to the extent of the product. 

The radar sensors are unaffected via dirt, temperature, or strain. They also can measure pastes, liquids, solids, and powders. These are very accurate and need no calibration. Besides, they’re non-invasive, as they don’t should touch the product it’s sensing. 

The radar sensors are costly and have a restrained detection variety. They are even used as a wastewater level sensor to measure the level, sludge, and chemical solutions in sewage remedies.

They’re generally used in programs like moist, vaporous, and dusty environments. They are also applied in systems wherein temperatures range.

Types of Trucks used in the Logistics Industry

In the logistics industry, road transportation is essential on connecting the last-mile delivery, to achieve this the role of trucks is quintessential. 

Trucks are the bridge between the manufacturer and the retailers, as they transport the consignment from Point A to Point B to reach the end-users.

In this, according to the industry and type of material transported there are different types of trucks that are available in the market.

In this article, we will the elaborated various types of trucks and their usage with vehicle dimensions, load capacity details.

Box Trucks

Box trucks are utlised in the logistics industry for the transportation of furniture, equipment, packaged goods and other goods that don’t consume lot of space. 

This type of truck is effective in transportation because relatively comfortable, easy to manage, cheaper when compared to heavy trucks.

It is ideal for small business operators and retail business usages. Apart from this, this truck is also suitable for the food business, who use trucks for the food business.

Flatbed Trucks

Flatbed trucks are open body trucks with cabin only for the driver. This type of truck are suitable to carry heavy loads on open space, mostly heavy iron sheets and rods can be transported using such vehicles.

This vehicle can load upto 20 tonnes depending upon the vehicle make and load-carrying capacity fixed by the manufacturer.

In the flatbed load vehicles there are different types namely extendable flatbeds, stretch single drop deck, side-kit, lowboys, double drop and RGN flatbeds.

Refrigerated Trucks

Refrigerated trucks are for the drugs and food industries, these trucks are designed in such a way that it can carry the perishable goods at the preserved temperatures. 

The reefer trucks are of utmost importance in the pharmaceutical industry, as most of the medicines need to be transported at regulated temperatures with continuous monitoring of temperature.

The vehicle is usually designed in that way with air conditioning facilities that can withstand temperatures from 50 degree Fahrenheit to -20 degree Fahrenheit.

Such reefer trucks consume more fuel than the normal trucks since the air conditioning refrigeration system is directly connected to the engine.

Semi-Trailer Trucks

These are trucks designed in a way to connect with one or more semi trailers. They are designed to carry heavy loads that are comparatively stronger that is not transported using the standard trucks.

The semi-trailer trucks have an automated brake system to avoid them moving away in case of any accidental scenarios.

Semi-trailer trucks need special maintenance to keep the vehicle healthy and it demands specialized drivers to drive the vehicle on highways. To drive such kinds of semi-trailer trucks drivers need special qualifications and training to drive. Also, the driver needs to get a driving license specifically to drive such vehicles.

Tail-Lift Trucks

It is also popularly called liftgate trucks. The purpose of this truck is to load heavy goods with the aid of a tail-lift on the truck. The tail is attached to the rear of the vehicle and the lifting is done mechanically.

This mechanical tail system will reduce the human effort in loading and unloading the heavy goods. The tail lift trucks can carry loads of more than 1 tonne depending upon the vehicle manufacturer guidelines.

Jumbo Trailer Trucks

The jumbo trailer is popularly known as a mega trailer, it is a combination of trailer and truck. It is a very long truck and it carries a load of over 20 tonnes. The beauty of this truck is, the load can be loaded in multiple directions including the back, sides, and roof.

Mini-Van

These mini van are used for “last mile” connectivity on Indian roads to reach the delivery location for goods dispatch. Mini Trucks are most popular on Indian roads, especially in rural areas. These kinds of mini trucks are used for agricultural goods career, used for shop owners to deliver goods, in courier services and the list goes on as this kind of light commercial vehicle offer multipurpose option to use.

Tanker Truck

Tanker truck is used to carry the liquid load such as fuel, petroleum products, chemicals, oil & gas, water, milk and any liquid material that need to be transported can be done using the tanker trucks.

The truck materials and design will change according to the industrial requirements as many time it carries inflammable materials on it and corrosive materials in the tanker.

Container Trucks

The container trucks are standardised containers that are used in the logistics industry to transport goods on the rail, cargo ships and trucks. 

The ideal purpose of these containers is to transport the goods long distances without affecting any damage to the consignments and easily transportable on all mediums of transportation.

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Categorized as Technology

Fleet Manager Roles and Responsibilities

A fleet manager is responsible for the effective vehicle fleet management and logistics operations management in the organization.

Most of the tasks, work, and employees revolve around the fleet manager since this role forms the nodal point of contact in logistics management.

We will discuss this in detail from role, responsibility, key skills required and the challenges faced by the fleet manager in this blog.

What is a fleet manager?

A fleet manager is a person who is responsible for the company’s group of vehicles. It includes various aspects such as renting/leasing or purchasing the vehicle and also maintaining the vehicles.

The fleet manager oversees the company’s fleet business effectively with proper maintenance schedules, managing safety standards as prescribed by rules and regulations.

A fleet manager is responsible for the effective management of financial aspects and focuses on productivity improvement. Apart from these, he is also responsible for the company policy generation, driver behaviour management and driver & vehicle safety.

Fleet Manager Duties and Responsibilities

1. Vehicle Purchasing or Leasing

According to the organization, culture and business model fleet managers play an important role in vehicle purchasing or vehicle leasing.

When it comes to vehicle purchasing the fleet manager needs to approach the manufacturers, engineering technicians for assembling and bodybuilding. In all these cases, the fleet manager should involve in cost negotiations. Finally, when to purchase the new fleet vehicle and lease or resell the vehicle decision depends on the fleet manager.

When leasing the vehicle, the fleet manager should have a detailed look at the vehicle health, engine life, kilometers driven. Apart from these, the terms and conditions with the vehicle owner for leasing the vehicle for the organisation. It all depends on the fleet manager and every detail is rested on the fleet manager.

2. Fuel Expenses and Consumption Management

Fuel is one of the major expenses in fleet management, it ranges from 25-30% of total fleet management expenditure. So it is of utmost crucial for the fleet manager to efficiently manage fuel expenses.

For proper fuel management, the fleet managers can utilize the fleet card, fuel card or have to tie up with the fuel gas station providers to track the fuel consumption and expenses that occurred for the fleet fuel.

Apart from these, the fleet managers can utilize telematics technology to track fuel consumption, filling, and theft using the advanced fuel monitoring system using GPS tracker and Fuel Level Sensors.

3. Fleet Maintenance Schedules

Vehicle health management is vital in the fleet management program for the fleet manager. The fleet manager needs to have proper scheduled vehicle maintenance after categorizing the vehicle types, manage the vehicle documentation.

Apart from that, fleet manager should manage the spare parts inventories, repair costs and monitor the vehicle for optimal resale value.

4. Safety Standards

Fleet managers should oversee the organizational fleet safety standards and be responsible for creating the safety policies for vehicle management and driver safety protocols in the organization.

To achieve that, the fleet manager needs to coordinate with the management team and health officials associated with the organization to create safety protocols. 

Also, the fleet manager should organize the drivers for the safety training programs if needed. In case of accident scenarios, the fleet manager should understand where the safety protocol was deviated and ensure doesn’t repeat again.

Overall, the fleet manager should ensure minimal accidents with reduced downtime and less damage to the organizational assets and employees.

Fleet managers are passionate about safety. When an incident occurs, potential negligence and brand damage come with staggering costs to organizations.

5. Fleet Tracking

To monitor the vehicles the logistics companies take the aid of software applications such as GPS Tracking, Fuel monitoring solutions to track the vehicle locations, fuel consumption, mileage data.

Also, get detailed insights such as vehicle idling, route optimisation, vehicle utlisation, trip planning and driver management.

Get the detailed reports from the software on a daily, weekly and monthly basis to monitor and report the tracking management.

6. Manage Legal Compliance

Legal compliance management is another one of the responsibilities for fleet managers in the logistics industry.

The fleet manager should maintain the updated legal compliance for the vehicle, carrier goods and drivers. In case, if the logistics company handles hazardous material and food, the regulatory compliance for such goods needs to get prior approval from the officials.

Proper driver vehicle inspection and vehicle routine health checkups need to be done and the respective reports should be handed over to the respective transportation officials.

7. Vehicle Reselling

Fleet manager is responsible for the vehicle maintenance so that the vehicle resale value is increased. 

The vehicle should be maintained clean, well-maintained engine and other vehicle spares which ensures the vehicle overall value.

Key Skills required for Fleet Manager

1. Data analysis using technology

Technology has penetrated all fields and domains, to be a successful fleet manager, the managers should be equipped with fleet technologies such as telematics, Dashcam and fleet management applications.

Using this application the fleet manager can 

  • Track Vehicle Performance
  • Track Vehicle Location
  • Driver Behaviour Management
  • Vehicle Maintenance Schedules
  • Trip Management
  • Vehicle Document Management
  • Spare Inventory Management

With the aid of technology, the fleet manager can reduce vehicle downtime and improve both efficiency and productivity of the fleet.

2. Business Management

As a fleet manager, the role doesn’t stop in vehicle management alone as the vehicle is interconnected with the business, the fleet manager should have good business skills.

The fleet manager has to interact with various stakeholders involved in the logistics operations such as customers, vendors, maintenance technicians, fleet operation management team, tech team, driver relationship.

All these skills along with business management enhance the role of the fleet manager in the transportation industry.

3. Financial Management

Fleet managers should hold the proper response in the fleet budgets after understanding the business operations, customer requirements and vehicle need to match the industry benchmark along with economic conditions.

Major Challenges faced by Fleet Managers

Route Planning and Fuel Management

Route Optimsation is part of the fleet manager’s work role, the fleet operations manager should optimise the driving route effectively, so that it saves time, increases vehicle fuel efficiency and reduces vehicle wear and tear.

To achieve this the fleet manager should use the telematics technology efficiently to achieve route optimisation. But it is one of the challenging tasks for the fleet manager in day to day fleet operations as it has multiple benefits with various challenges to the fleet manager.

Driver Workload Balancing

The next major challenge for the fleet manager is the relationship with driver and balancing the workload for the vehicle drivers.

As drivers are the key players in the logistics operation, the work schedule for the drivers should be properly planned by fleet managers so that drivers are happy with their workload allocation.

Vehicle Downtime Reduction

The prime role and real challenge for the fleet manager are to ensure that vehicles perform better without much downtime.

If there is any vehicle breakdown that occurs on the trip it creates a lot of trouble for the fleet managers, customers and business progress.

So the fleet managers should ensure vehicles are properly maintained with preventive maintenance schedules.

Driver and Vehicle Performance Analysis

Data analysis is becoming part on all the fields, so the fleet managers should equip themselves to perform better in the market.

The fleet manager should analyze the vehicle and driver data properly using the telematics and fleet management software used in the organization. Proper reports should be prepared for vehicle health status and driver performance reports.

It will be quite helpful for organisations and business prospects when to replace vehicles, purchase vehicles, maintenance expenses and driver performers and non-performance from the reports.

Importance of Tire Maintenance

Proactive tire maintenance has various benefits as it improves safety on the road and brings more stability to the fleet organization. It may look simple and daily routine check-ups on the tires but it reduces the downtime that in turn increases the productivity coupled with vehicle performance. Proper tire maintenance helps in increasing tire shelf life with proper treading and also saves fuel economy in logistics operations.

Be it heavy load carrying trucks or passenger vehicles, tire maintenance is vital for the transportation business. We will discuss in detail the tire safety, maintenance protocols and benefits of it in this article.

Tips for Tire Safety

1. Choose the right tire

Fleet managers and vehicle owners should choose the right tires for the vehicle after considering major factors such as the size of the tire, vehicle load carrying capacity, service type to follow, the route on which the vehicle is going to travel. 

Depending on the above-mentioned factors correct tires should be chosen. Choosing the right tire alone won’t be sufficient for the vehicle, it should be properly maintained with proactive maintenance schedules using software applications for the smooth operation of the business.

The right tire chosen with proper maintenance will provide long-term performance and safety to the vehicle and logistics organisation.

2. Proper maintenance of tire pressure

Tire inflation pressure is one of the critical factors in vehicle tire maintenance. Improper tire pressure may lead to vehicle breakdown and it may even damage the vehicle tire castings.

Properly inflated tires will distribute the load evenly or else the load distribution will be improper further leading to vehicle performance. It will also affect the treadwear of the vehicle and fuel efficiency.

Tire inflation pressure needs to be checked when the tire is cold. The ideal time to measure the tire pressure is after the two-three hours of vehicle parking. The tire pressure needs to be calibrated using the tire pressure gauge at each wheel position.

3. Regular Tire inspection

Tire inspection needs to be done on regular basis to check the wear and tear issues, tread depth of the tire, tire damage that occurred on the trip. Fleet managers should ensure that the drivers do the regular check of tires before the start and end of each trip, identify cracks, bulges, and any other penetrations that occurred on the tire. 

Regular inspection of tires will reduce tire damage and increase the life span of tires along with improved vehicle performance and reduced downtime.

False Myths surrounding Tire

There are a lot of myths surrounding tires for the vehicle. People across the globe believe myth faster than without understanding reality and fact.

The one popular myth about tires is all tires are equal.

For laymen, it seems all tires are equal and only the size varies according to the vehicle. But the fact is, it is not. The tire selection for the vehicle varies according to the requirement of the workload. The fleet manager in the logistics organisation should choose the tire wisely after considering the factors such as Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR), vehicle speed, road conditions, vehicle load range and other factors such as size. 

So size is not the only factor, there are other factors too!

Another popular myth that is surrounding the tire is regarding tire threading.

Rethreading of the tire helps to extend the life of the tire. The treading can be done more than two times to extend the life span of the tire. Rethreading doesn’t affect the quality of the tire, rather it supports better performance of both vehicle and tire.

What drivers should do on Tire maintenance?

Drivers are the key person in the logistics and transportation industry. They are person travel with vehicles all along and have a close watch on vehicle health. 

In a similar way, the driver should keep an eye on the tire inspection on regular basis. Before every trip starts and at the end of the trip inspect the tire for a few seconds. Even during the trip, after a certain distance or time, the tire needs to be checked.

This small routine tire checkup done by the drivers has multiple benefits as it saves tire health, improves vehicle performance, improves fuel efficiency and reduces unwanted downtime during the vehicle trip.

It is essential to all the fleet managers should guide and ensure the drivers to inspect the tire on regular basis for better performance of the vehicle.

Tire maintenance protocols

Proper tire maintenance should be done for better tire performance. To achieve that, the fleet managers should follow the below-mentioned protocols in vehicle tire maintenance.

1. Wheel Alignment

The wheel alignment should be inspected every year periodically for better vehicle and tire performance. If there is any misalignment or vehicle pulling in one direction then driver and fleet manager should inspect the wheel alignment.

2. Tire Rotation

The manufacturer’s manual will provide detailed insights on the vehicle tire rotation. Regular tire rotation can protect the tires from wear and tear issues along with improving tire health life.

3. Wear and Tear Monitoring

The driver should check the tire wear on a regular basis and fleet managers should ensure that the vehicle tire is properly inspected before, on and after the trips.

4. Tire Inflation

Regular tire pressure inspection needs to be carried out, need to check the tire pressure once in every week and for long haul vehicles, periodically after certain kilometers as per vehicle load and running capacity.

Benefits of Tire Maintenance

1. Safety

The safety of the vehicle, driver, and consignment is the utmost priority in the logistics and transportation sector. To ensure safety the vehicle needs to be properly maintained in all aspects especially tires. Because of weekly inflated tires, or because of tire wear issue for that matter any tire-related issue may affect vehicle performance, braking issues, cumulatively affect the performance of the vehicle and safety.

2. Fuel Consumption

Properly inflated tires provide better fuel mileage which in turn reduces the fuel expenses and unwanted stoppages for fuel filling.

3. Tire Life Improvement

Regularly maintained tires along with proper inflation pressure maintenance will improve the tire health life. Vehicle wheel alignment check, load management and tire rotation will further help in tire life span.

4. Cost Savings

Tires that are appropriately kept up with will help a vehicle run all the more proficiently and delay its life. With appropriate tire support, you might actually save two or three tanks of gas every year (contingent upon the mileage driven – it very well may be pretty much). Because of the way that tires will endure longer, you could likewise save the expense of a couple of sets of tires over the normal life expectancy of a vehicle.

Advantages and Disadvantages of a Dashcam

Dashcam’s usage and need is increasing every day and the debate on the product is also raising along. 

To have a clear picture of the product and it is application, we will discuss and debate on the advantages and disadvantages of the dashcam installation on the vehicle.

Pros and Cons of a Dashcam

Pros

First we will look into the advantages of a dashcam installation on the vehicle. How it brings safety and security to the vehicles.

Enhanced Protection

The dashcam acts as enhanced protection to the vehicle. As dashcam records, all the incidents occurred during the trip both the cabin and road view, if the application supports it will record while parking too. This footage will come in handy in case of accidents as it will act as proof to the police, law authorities, and insurance companies. It is the real eyewitness of the incidents to protect your security and safety.

Additional Security

In certain dashcams, there will be in-built GPS tracking functionality to track the vehicle and record the dashcam footage. In extreme circumstances, if anyone stole the vehicle, the vehicle can be traced using the dashcam GPS to identify the location, in such scenarios it acts as additional security to the vehicle.

Insurance Premium Discounts

The dashcam adds more advantages to the vehicle owner on the insurance premium front. There are certain insurance companies that work on the insurance premium on certain added features included on the vehicle.

The insurance company encourages those who want to prevent unwanted incidents, focus more on safety and precaution. In that case, installing a dashcam is to improve the safety standards of the vehicle and driver. 

So, the fleet owners get the discounted price on the insurance premium from certain insurance companies on installing the dashcam, one small investment lead to multiple savings.

Evidence

For most of road accidents in India, police depend on CCTV camera footage and eyewitness during the accidents. In most of cases, there will not be any clear picture of the incidents.

Having a dashcam on the vehicle will create its own evidence with the cabin and road view camera installed on the vehicle dashboard.

The footage from the dashcam can be used as evidence before the law to prove the innocence of the driver (If he is really innocent, or else the footage evidence may backfire against the driver and vehicle owner).

Safe Driving Improvement

A dashcam is a powerful tool that helps to improve safe driving for drivers and personal vehicle users.

The footage video can be used for study purposes to review the driver’s driving behaviour and can be used as study material to improve the safe driving experience.

Cons

In this segment we will analyse some of the disadvantages of the dashcam installation on the vehicles.

Driving Distraction

The dashcam is a good product that is reliable for safe driving and real-time vehicle monitoring, but at the same time, it could be a material for driving distractions.

Usually, the dashcam will be fixed on the vehicle dashboard or at the windshield, at certain instances while driving the vehicle the dashcam may create blind spots to the drivers.

The dashcam will be in the size of mobile or tablet size and in certain dashcams, it will have a display in-built in it, it will create the distraction with videos streaming in it and at times with some alert notifications.

Invade to Privacy

This is one of the major drawbacks of dashcam installation on vehicles. The dashcam will record all the activities happening inside the vehicle using a cabin view camera, it may invade the privacy of individuals who travel in the vehicle. 

Though the driver may aware that he/she is being recorded, but the installation of the dashcam is affecting is individual privacy in this circumstance.

The next scenario is installing a dashcam on the passenger vehicles, it will record all the details using the cabin view mode. The passenger in the vehicle may not aware of the fact of the installed dashcam and they are being monitored and recorded using the dash camera on the vehicle. It is seriously a breach of privacy under such scenarios.

Legality

Dashcams are allowed to installed on the vehicle by the law of land in certain countries and it is banned to install in certain regions. As it violates the privacy policy, it records all in the incidents occured on the vehicle, which is against the law in certain parts of the world.

Price and Quality

Pricing is one of the major concern for any product and technology advancement, but for dashcam the products is evolved over time, the demand is increasing with competitors in the market, so the vehicle owner can choose the dashcam as per the requirement at the competitive price.

Quality of the video recording on the dashcam may poor in certain variant of the dashcam, because of this, there may be propaganda not to use dashcam as it does not provide high quality videos. But in the market there are high quality resolution dashcam with 1080p are available now, that provide HQ video clips.

Any product has it own pros and cons, dashcam is no exception from it. Always we need to weigh the pros and cons and decide based on which is getting more weight, in that case dashcam has more advantages than disadvantages to the logistics and transportation sector in specific (for passenger vehicle, it have one disadvantage of recording passenger, invasion of privacy, again it can be countered with CCTV recording in shop or malls as it records all the happenings through CCTV – similar to that).

If you have any queries or details regarding the dashcam, please feel free to contact us marketing@vamosys.com or +91-8428933333.

Published
Categorized as Telematics

Top 6 reasons to invest in Dashcam

The need and usage of the vehicle dashcam are increasing day by day as it brings more benefits and safety to both vehicles and drivers.

The dashcam is simply mounted on the vehicle windshield to capture the road view and cabin view, the video footage can be streamed live using the software application at the same time it will be stored on the local SD memory card.

The dashcam is widely used across the globe as it offers various benefits to vehicle owners and fleet operators in the logistics industry. With a dashcam, the vehicle owner can monitor the driver’s behaviour, driving pattern, hit and run case, accident footage. The video footage can be used as proof of evidence by police, law officials, insurance companies.

As stated above the benefits list goes deeper and we provide detailed insights on the top 6 reasons to invest in dashcams by fleet operators and vehicle owners.

1. Accident Footages

The prime reason to install the dashcam on a vehicle is to record the vehicle crashes or any other road accidents that occurred on the roads. The dashcam footage of the crash incident will act as proof of evidence before the law to prove the driver’s innocence (if he is not the actual reason for the accident).

In a similar way, the video footage can be used for insurance claims from insurance companies. Most of the time the insurance companies may not provide the claims raised by the vehicle owner and blame the drivers and delay the claims till they get the reports from the law officials. But with dashcam footage will speed up the process to claim the amount from insurance companies.

Finally, if any accidents occur on Indian roads and the truck / trailer involved in the accident, by default, everyone will blame the driver as a reason for the cause of accidents and transporters are affected because of such scenarios. To overcome this, the dashcam is the best solution for all the logistics companies and truck drivers in India.

2. Driver Monitoring

Another vital reason to install the dashcam on vehicles by the fleet owners is to monitor the driver behaviour. Earlier it was difficult to identify the undisciplined drivers and because of this, the fleet owners face more risk factors coupled with safety issues.

At times reckless driving will not only risk the lives of the drivers it will also affect the lifes of the persons on the roads and if it is passenger vehicle, lifes of passengers are in danger. Now with the aid of dashcam the fleet operators can identify the bad behaviour of the drivers using the video footage from the dashcam, also it will act as proof to improve the safety of the driver.

Using the dashcam the fleet owners can identify the driver behaviour under various situations, say for example, if the driver has drunk and the driver involved in driving can be monitored and alerted. Likewise, using the ADAS technology, the fleet operator can alert the driver under different circumstances such as eating, drowsiness, smoking etc.

In that way, the dashcam brings the safety of the lives first and along with that it also ensures vehicle and consignment safety.

3. Improved Road Safety

On reading this the vehicle owner shouldn’t mislead, the dashcam will bring and improve road safety in the long haul, just installing the dashcam won’t improve road safety. 

Let me elaborate on how installing a dashcam improves road safety?

With the dashcam footage, the driver himself can see the driving style and pattern he/she has done during the trip, if it is the logistics industry then fleet managers can show the footage to the drivers about their driving skill and pattern.

By this, the driver can understand where the mistake takes place and the scope of improvement with improved safety of life and vehicle.

In that way, the driver will improve the driving behaviour if it is own vehicle (on his own) or if it is a logistics vehicle (fleet manager will ensure to watch the dashcam recordings), which will overall lead to improved road safety.

Now to sum up the dashcam improves road safety.

4. Insurance Fraud Prevention

Insurance fraud is one of the major problems in the current generation, especially in vehicle and road-related insurance claims. These fraudulent activities have a great impact on the insurance companies which in turn affects the genuine drivers and their insurance claims.

Say for example, some drivers wanted to commit the accident and put the blame on the opposite party to get some from him. The driver with minor injuries gets money and at the same time try to claim the insurance for the vehicle from insurance companies.

Such incidents are occurring more frequently and there are a certain group of people who work intentionally to get the insurance claims of the vehicle. Because there is no lack of evidence and the opposite party will be innocent who don’t want to indulge in law stream to avoid this they will give money and move away from the situation.

Insurance companies are facing a lot of issues in accidental claims and they have no clue on how to regulate the insurance frauds happening on the vehicle.

Most of the time, the insurance company and traffic official depend upon the CCTV camera footage on the incident spot, what if there is no CCTV or the footage from CCTV is not conclusive. In such scenarios dashcam will be a good bet as it captures the incident in the best of its view from road view (from the vehicle) and at the same time captures the happenings of the driver using the cabin view camera.

The dashcam footage can be used as proof of evidence for both insurance claims and traffic officials (those who deal on the legal front).

5. Hit and Run Parking Accidents can be Identified

The vehicle parked on the parking lot can be nightmares to the vehicle owners and fleet operators, there will be some beginners in the vehicle driving and they will hit and run or create scratches on the vehicles. If your beloved car or truck was hit by some mischievous driving would hurt more for the vehicle owners.

The next aspect is vandalism, there are people who involve in vandalism by breaking the vehicle and take the cost assets placed on the vehicle, especially on the luxury cars and vehicles. This kind of act damage the vehicle and loss to the property.

In order to overcome such situations, the vehicle owners need to install the dashcam on the vehicle. The dashcam will record 24×7 or any incident that occur on the vehicle it will start recording the incidents happening around the vehicle. Depending upon the requirement the setting can be set on the dashcam software application.

By installing the dashcam the vehicle owner will get peace of mind as they can access the live video footages of the vehicle using laptops or smartphones from web or mobile applications.

6. Record Entire Trip (For Road Travellers)

The purpose of installing a dashcam is crucial in case you are keen on-road travel and also you constantly go together with your family on occasional journeys. Do you need to show your road travel experience into an unforgettable adventure that you could see again and again again, each time nostalgia kicks in?

If so, then a vehicle dashcam is honestly an incredible device to help you turn your travel experience great into an incredible revel in and a reminiscence you’ll cherish over the years.

Published
Categorized as Telematics

Everything You Need to Know About Dash Cams

Installing a dashcam on your vehicle brings safety and security to your vehicle and persons sitting inside the vehicle, as the fleet operator can have visual monitoring with real-time clips bring enhanced safety standards to the organisational vehicles. 

If you are considering installing the dashcam in your vehicle, then you will behave numerous questions and confusion regarding the dashcam for your vehicle, we have covered everything you need to know about dashcam in this article.

What is a Dashcam?

A dashcam is an electronic device that is attached to the vehicle to record the video of driving and road views around the vehicle.

The dashcam recordings and live stream can be accessed using the software application. The vehicle owner needs to install the dashcam on the windshield to record the happenings around the vehicle on application.

In dashcam, there are many variants with 1-channel, 2-channel, to 4-channel with different recording capabilities of 480p to 1080p. As per the vehicle owner requirement, the dashcam can be chosen.

Installing a dashcam may look complex but it is easy to install on the vehicle and most of the dashcam has an in-built GPS tracking system to track the vehicle along with video streaming.

The dashcam is priced from $50 to 200$ and according to the requirement the pricing may vary but this is the standard price range for the vehicle dashcams.

How does dashcam work?

All the dashcams work in a similar manner irrespective of the product pricing. But the functionality and requirements may vary depending upon the industries and vehicle owner needs. Generally, the dashcam is fixed on the windscreen to record the happenings before and cabin view (road and rearview cameras).

The supply is taken from the vehicle ignition system and also from the vehicle battery. The dashcam will start recording once the vehicle ignition is ON and the camera recording stops when the vehicle ignition is off.

If the vehicle owner is willing to record all the happenings irrespective of vehicle engine ON or OFF, the dashcam can be set in the loop mode, in that case, the video will be recorded continuously. In the local SD memory card, the old video will be replaced by the newer on once the storage reached its full potential.

The dashcam recordings are stored on the SD card. The 128 GB memory can store the data of 20 hours of video. 

In certain top-end dashcams, the device will have G-Force sensors to save the accidents recordings immediately on the occurrence of the incident. If there are any major accidents occurred on the road, the G-Force sensor detects, so that, it can protect the device to ensure there is no damage occurred to the recorded clips of the event.

The high-end model in the dashcam will record the video footage with GPS data of longitude and latitude with vehicle speed to get a clear picture of the incidents. If there is any emergency situation, the fleet operators can locate the vehicle using the in-build GPS tracking. Apart from that, the vehicle speed data will act as proof of evidence with footage clips, in case to prove the driver side of the vehicle.

There is certain dashcam models it will record the events even when the vehicle engine is OFF. If in case, anyone hits the vehicle when it is parked, it will start recording the events once the vehicle was got it. It will be useful to detect the persons or vehicles involved in such scenarios.

Who should install dashcams on vehicles?

The major reason to install dashcams on vehicles is for safety and proof of evidence.

It can be installed on personal vehicles such as cars too but mostly it is used widely on the logistics and transportation sector.

Even in that niche, the industries such as security service transportation for cash, high-end goods, health sectors such as pharma industries, employee transportation bus to ensure the safety of employees and the list goes on where safety and security is needed, then the role of dashcam raises.

The next major aspect for installing the dashcam on the vehicle is to avoid the blame game mostly drivers face on any accidents occurred on roads. To get the accidental footage and identify the reason for the accidents the role of the dashcam is important.

Finally, for insurance claims, the video footage of the installed dashcam will come in handy to recover the insurance amount from the insurance companies.

Who will benefit from dashcam installation?

If you want to keep an eye on your business fleet, or children’s driving style then a dashcam is a good bet for the vehicle.

On installing the dashcam on the vehicle, in case any theft or vandalism happens to the vehicle, it will be captured on the dashcam, and based on the video footages the vehicle owner can take the next step of action.

The next most important aspect of installing the dashcam for fleet vehicles is to monitor the driver’s behaviour.

If the vehicle is met with an accident, the dashcam footage will record all the incidents occurred before and post the accident with cabin view, road view and extra channel video (if installed) around the vehicle. Using the dashcam footage if there is no fault from the driver side, then it can be provided as proof of evidence before the law.

In insurance claims also the dashcam footage can be used as proof of evidence to claim the insurance amount from insurance companies.

Wired vs wireless Dashcam

It is nothing but the storage of data using the wired device or wireless mode of the video footage from the dashcam.

1) Data stored on the memory card.

2) Data stored on the cloud using internet solution (wireless).

Most of the dashcams available in the market draws power using wired mode from the vehicle battery. There are few dashcams that are totally wireless operate with an internal battery system, but they can withstand for the limited time period.

While you might see dashcams that claim to be totally wireless, you’ll generally find that most dash cams currently on the market do require some sort of wiring to draw power. There are a few dash cams that run entirely on internal batteries but these are usually only able to record for a few minutes.

When it comes to retrieving the data from the stored memory card, the vehicle owner needs to remove the SD card and transfer the files locally every time, which is tedious and time-consuming. On the other hand, by using the cloud-based software application, all the data of the dashcam will be stored on the cloud automatically, it can be viewed and downloaded as and when required.

Benefits of using Wireless Dashcam

  1. Accessible footage in real-time
  2. Greater storage capability
  3. Secure and private footage

How and where to install dashcams on vehicles?

The dashcam can be installed on the vehicle on the below mentioned locations, namely

1) Dashcam mount on the dashboard

2) Dashcam mount on the Windshield

Most of the vehicle owners prefer to install the dashcam on the vehicle dashboard, though it gives a better view of the road view, it has its own limitations. The dashboard on the vehicle varies according to the vehicle and it will not be the same on all the vehicles with clear road view and cabin view.

The best place to mount the dashcam on the vehicle is on the windshield, as it gives better visibility of road view and cabin view of the vehicle on all vehicles.

Does installing dashcam drain of vehicle battery?

It depends based on the vehicle owner requirement, if the owner is willing to record the incidents that occur while the vehicle is moving alone, then the dashcam won’t impact much with the vehicle battery. If the vehicle owner wants to record the incidents that occur even when the vehicle is parked, during this period the dashcam consume the charge from the vehicle battery which drains the vehicle battery more.

If you are really concerned about the vehicle battery and at the same time want to record the incidents that occur while parking too, then you can opt for a dashcam battery. Install the portable battery dedicatedly for the dashcam to supply the power to the dashcam from this portable dashcam battery installed on the vehicle. It will record all the video clips happening on the vehicle parking mode and at the same time, it won’t affect the vehicle battery.

Does dashcam installation affect on insurance?

Insurance agencies don’t yet furnish limits for drivers with dashcams however progress is being made, and a few organizations are thinking about carrying this out soon. While you probably won’t get a month to month break on your dashcam protection yet, having a camera introduced can give basic proof to your cases. The little venture of adding a scramble cam to your security collection might actually save you great many dollars, also the head ache of managing conflicting reports in your legal or insurance claims!

Can I get expert assistance in choosing the dashcam for my vehicle?

Yes of course, we at VAMOSYS have been in this telematics and IOT Solution providers for logistics and transportation industry for over 7 years. We have installed more than 50K vehicles for vehicle tracking, fuel monitoring solutions with across globe with our authorised dealers. If you need expert assistance on video telematics i.e. dashcam, you can reach us at marketing@vamosys.com or +91-8428933333.

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Categorized as Telematics

How to Choose a Dash Camera for Your Vehicle

Driving vehicles on roads is becoming risky with the increasing population of both people and vehicles. To ensure safety various sectors are working on different parameters be it life-saving balloons, increased protection to vehicles from being damaged, tracking of vehicles and a lot more safety measures are getting implemented.

Be it personal driving of vehicles or public goods carriers or public transportation, safety measures need to be kept in mind especially for drivers. Because drivers are the key person, the transporters should have regular monitoring measures to improve driver safety and vehicle safety to run a successful business in the transportation sector.

In the current digital world, the logistics and transportation industries have already taking advantage of telematics technology to improve the operations from basic vehicle tracking to tracking vehicles, ETA details from GPS software technology. On the same lines to improve operational management from fuel management using fuel monitoring solutions, trip management from transport management softwares, the advent of technology has revolutionized the logistics industries.

To ensure driver safety and better vehicle monitoring the recent sensation in the logistics industry is fleet dashcam. On installing the dashcam on vehicles such as trucks, trailers, containers and on any load vehicles, the transporters want to ensure the safety of vehicle, load and drivers to improve the safety standards along with organisational reputation.

So, to through some light on the dashcam, we have come up with some detailed insights on understanding the role of dashcam in vehicle, how the logistics operators should choose the right dashcam for their vehicles and needs, all such details is discussed in this article. 

Lets start!

Understanding basics about Dashcam before choosing

Camera range-wide angles

The camera used in the dashcam fixed on the windshield of the vehicles covers the range from 140 degrees in certain dash cameras and it may go up to 170 degrees in a certain variants of dashcams. 

So, as a user or logistics operator if you wish to cover a wide range view to record the happening before the vehicle, then the dashcam should be chosen wisely.

Camera recording speed

The normal camera speed, in general, will be 24 FPS (Frames per second), this applies to the vehicle dashcam to record the incidents occurring on and around the vehicle.

Since the camera will be streaming happenings live and at the same time the incidents will be captured from the moving vehicle. In this case, the ideal recording speed of the dashcam is recommended at 30 fps. 

Depending on the price of the dashcam the quality of recording will decrease, this may affect the quality in recording.

Temperature withstanding capability

Before purchasing the camera for a vehicle, i.e. dashcam, the user needs to check the operating temperature of the camera. Certain cameras can’t withstand both heavy heat and cold.

Depending upon the geographic terrain the vehicle travels, the logistics operators should purchase the dashcam to withstand the temperature, so that, the installation will be effective and ensure safety.

Mounting structure on the vehicle

The requirement will vary according to the vehicle type and usage type, if the vehicle needs permanent mounting then the transporter can opt for the permanent adhesive type dashcam for the vehicle.

In certain cases, there will be a need of fixing the dashcam on the vehicle for a temporary period, because of certain circumstances, for that, the dashcam should support fixing and removing type without affecting the vehicle structure.

Build-in screens on dashcam

In market, there are dashcams with build-in screens, so that the driver and cabin team can view the live streaming of the recording happening on the vehicle.

Emergency Sensors

Dashcam provides emergency sensors and SOS alerts to the drivers in emergency situations. In case, if there is any collision with the vehicle, the emergency sensor on the dashcam will raise alerts to the vehicle operators.

Similarly, in case of an emergency, the driver can send emergency alerts by pressing the SOS alerts on the vehicle, which will raise emergency alerts to the fleet operators.

Why do you need dashcams in vehicles?

For emergency situations

Installing dashcam on vehicles may come in handy in emergency situations where there is some accidents or harsh driving occurred on the road while the vehicle is on the trip. The fleet manager or logistics operator managing the vehicle can guide and instruct the driver.

Apart from that, there is a certain variant of dashcam where the transporter and driver can interact mutually with the aid of installed dashcam on the vehicle.

If the driver is facing an emergency or be it medical attention, the driver can raise the alert to the fleet manager using the SOS alert button and the fleet manager can interact with the live visual footage to address the demands of the drivers.

In all such emergency situations, the dashcam with live streaming along with GPS tracking will be useful for the transporters to handle the crunch situations that occur on roads.

Driver monitoring

One of the major factors for installing the dashcam on vehicles by transporters is to monitor the driver’s behaviour while driving on roads.

 

As we all know, the driver is the main pillar in the logistics operations and almost the entire logistics operations revolve around the driver. So it is important to ensure the safety of the drivers for the betterment of organisation and the overall welfare of the industry.

 

In most of the instances without installing the dashcam, most of the things will be assumptions and with no or minimal proof. With the installation of a GPS vehicle tracking system, the transporters were able to get some vital information from GPS trackers such as harsh braking, overspeeding and other data that are available in GPS devices.

But again, it paved the way for improvement but the actual driver behaviour is not monitored, to achieve that, the dashcam will play the key role. As the transporters can see the live streaming of cabin view with every detail that driver does while driving, if the driver is smoking, eating, or having drowsiness it all can be monitored with the dashcam.

Based on the input from the dashcam the fleet manager can have strong evidence if in case if the driver needs any improvement. The training sessions can be arranged for the drivers to improve their performance and safety using the installed dashcam on the vehicle.

There are dashcams with ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistant System), which will alert the driver on certain circumstances where the driver needs to be alerted, say, for example, if the driver feels sleepy or tired, the ADAS dashcam will identify the circumstances and alert the driver. Based on the alert messages the driver needs to react to improve the safety measures and standards.

Real-time vehicle visibility

On installing the vehicle dashcam the transporter will have real-time vehicle visibility along with the GPS location.

The fleet managers can easily monitor the vehicles under his control using the software application with live streaming, similar to the installation of CCTV cameras on the shops and places. 

Along with the live streaming, the dashcam recording footages can be stored both in cloud and SD card local storage. If in case, the card got damaged, the fleet operators need not to worry about the recording as it will be stored in cloud and it can retrieved and downloaded any time.

Insurance claims and Accident proofs

Dashcam is the perfect material for vehicle insurance claims and in accident scenarios. 

In the current era, we all blame the truck drivers and logistics operators in the accident cases, but the actual truth would have been different. Because of lack of evidence and fear factor of drivers will cause an extra financial burden on the logistics operators.

In case of installing the dashcam, the recorded footage with time stamp, GPS location and voice recording can be provided as proof of evidence before the law and also claim the insurance of vehicles on damage done by others.

Improved safety and tracking of the consignment to the customer

The dashcam bring enhanced safety measures to the logistics operators and drivers operating the vehicles.

Safety is of the utmost importance for any business or industry, in logistics, it is prime since it involves the lives of people and goods caring value on the vehicle. On installing the dashcam on the vehicle with multiple channel dashcam, the fleet operators can monitor the real-time tracking of the driver’s cabin, road view and vehicle side (if needed) and consignment tracking with an additional channel of the dash camera.

Top 6 Factors to consider while choosing Dashcam

1. Reliability

Before choosing the dashcam for your vehicle, the first and foremost aspect the transporter needs to ensure is the reliability of the dashcam. The dashcam is the device that is going to get installed on the vehicle and it will be travelling in tough conditions be it weather (hot or cold), terrains (valley, plains, mountains, or any rough terrain).

The next important aspect is user reviews for the dashcam products as some of the dashcams may be priced heavily with low-quality cameras. Also, ensure the warranties provided by the manufacturer, so in case of any physical damage, there is replace for the dashcam or not.

Investing on a dashcam is important but for that, the reliability of the dashcam plays a key role, the dashcam pricing may range from 50$ to 600$ but one cannot justify the quality of the product based on pricing alone.

2. Recording potential

In logistics and transportation, the requirement of a dashcam will vary depending on the vehicle and consignment carrying in the vehicle.

If it is just to monitor the driver behaviour, the logistics operator can opt if 1 channel dashcam, which will record and stream live footage on the software application.

In certain instances and for insurance claims, the logistics operator may need to install two-channel dashcam with both road and cabin view by fixing the dashcam on the vehicle windshield.

For certain logistics operations, say pharma goods, security demanding transportation such as money carrying vehicles, or for that matter, if there is a demand to have regular monitoring of the consignment, the operators can choose the 4 channel dashcam, where the external camera can be fixed on the vehicle as per the requirement.

So choose wisely the dashcam based on recording potential and dashcam channel models depending upon the need.

3. Quality of video clips

When it comes to cameras, we always strive for video quality and image quality.

The same logic applies while purchasing the dashcam for the vehicle. The video quality is important in case of accident recordings as we need to record the number plate details and other aspects will be depending on camera quality.

The dashcam resolution will vary from 480p to 1400p, but it is wise to choose the dashcam over 1080p, as it provides better quality of images and video clippings.

Upon choosing the high-quality dashcam according to that the video storage will be increased as file size becomes larger, which is our next factor to decide the dashcam follows.

4. Internal Storage

The memory card is the most important aspect in choosing the dashcam, the video quality is important only if it is stored and recorded properly on the memory card.

In the memory card, there are variants to record the video captured, which is called as writing speed of the memory card. Generally, the memory is classified as Class 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10, it signifies the writing speed of the card, class 2 memory card writes at the speed of 2Mbps and class 10 at 10Mbps. 

It is recommended to choose the higher class range SD card for the dashcam to record the high-quality videos. The next aspect is the storage capacity if the storage capacity is low and the videos will not be stored on the SD.

To give a hint of how many hours of videos can be stored on the SD card based on the storage capacity provided below:

8GB card – 2-4 hours 

16GB card – 4-8 hours 

32GB card – 6-12 hours 

64GB card – 10-20 hours 

128GB card – 20-40 hours

5. Application stability

The next most important factor is the software application to stream the videos. The videos are streamed live, so for that, the application should be stable and stream videos without much delay or breaks while monitoring the vehicle on the dashcam software application.

So, before choosing the software, check for the reviews, user feedback and proper demo to opt for the best dashcam software.

6. Budget

It is very simple, if you have the minimal budget the quality is compromised and if you have a good budget you will get quality.

It is up to you to choose between low budget or high quality, it is very rare to get high quality at low budget.

The dashcam is emerging in the markets and it is addressing the demands of the logistics and transportation industries. If you want to install the dashcam on your vehicle, consider the above-mentioned factors in mind before finalizing your dashcam.

If you need any assistance and demo on Dashcam, you can reach us at marketing@vamosys.com or contact +91-8428933333.

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Categorized as Telematics

Additional Requirement For Heavy Vehicle Licence

All logistics, transporters, and commercial vehicle driving vehicles handling business should ensure their drivers have the commercial driving license to drive on Indian roads. As per the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, it is mandatory for an individual to have a valid commercial vehicle license.

In this article, we will discuss in detail the commercial vehicle license, how to apply and other mandatory information related to it.

What is Commercial Vehicle License / Heavy Vehicle License

A commercial vehicle license is an official document issued by the Regional Transport Offices (RTO) in the respective states, which authorises the person to drive commercial vehicles such as taxis, buses, goods carrier vehicles and any other motor vehicle that is not used for personal purposes.

If the vehicle driver is handling any public transportation that carries goods or people, the driver should possess a commercial driving license (CDL) after undergoing the test and documentation process to get the CDL.

There are various types of CDL issued by RTO offices in India depending on the vehicle types such as LMV cab driving license, heavy-duty license, trailer and machinery licenses.

Different Type of Commercial Heavy and Light Vehicle Licenses

Providing the detailed list of commercial vehicle licenses list issued by RTO offices in India.

What are the Eligibility Criteria for Commercial Vehicle License in India?

The driver looking for a commercial driving license should meet the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.

  • The minimum age to get a commercial license is 18 years and for certain categories, it is 20 years of age.
  • Minimum Educational Qualification is 8th Standard school passing certificate.
  • To process starts with the learner’s license.
  • The driver must undergo compulsory training in any government training school or a motor school associated with state governments. 
  • Motor vehicle test will be conducted in the presence of a Motor vehicle inspector of the respective RTO office.

Required Documents to get Commerical License

To get the commercial driving license the applicant must provide the below-mentioned document to complete the CDL process.

Address Proof (any of the following)

  • Passport
  • Aadhar Card
  • PAN Card
  • Voters ID Card
  • Utility bills under the name of the applicant
  • LIC Policy Bond
  • Ration Card

ID Proof / Age Proof (any of the following)

  • Birth Certificate
  • 10th standard mark sheet
  • PAN Card
  • Passport
  • Aadhar Card
  • Voters ID Card

PP sized photographs

  • 2  for a Learner’s Licence (LLR)
  • 3 for a permanent commercial driving license

Medical certificate

  • Medical certificate from a certified doctor

RTO Forms

The applicant has submitted the documents with the application form and the fee for a commercial driving license. The applicant can apply either online or offline.

How to Apply for Commercial Heavy / Light License?

Online application process for CDL

Applicants need to follow the below-mentioned steps to get the commercial vehicle license on online mode.

Step 1: Download the Form 4 Application from sarathi website

Step 2: Complete the details required on the application with relevant document upload and photo.

Step 3: Provide the medical certificate provided by the certified medical professional.

Step 3(a): If you are applying for heavy-duty license the applicant needs to provide a training certificate.

Step 4: Submit Form 5 with proof of completing the mandatory training from the government driving school.

Step 5: On completion of submitting the application, the applicant will get the serial number of the submitted application and the same will be sent to the registered mobile number.

Offline application process for CDL

Applicants need to follow the below-mentioned steps to get the commercial vehicle license on offline mode.

Step 1: Walk in to nearest RTO office and get the Form 2

Step 2: Get the medical certificate provided by the certified medical professional.

Step 2(a): If you are applying for the heavy-duty license the applicant needs to provide a training certificate.

Step 3: Fill up Form 5 with proof of completing the mandatory training from the government driving school.

Step 4: Submit all the above-mentioned forms with relevant documents (address proof, ID proof, and photographs).

Step 5: On submitting the application, the applicant will get the serial number of the submitted application and the same will be sent to the registered mobile number.

Whether you apply for a commercial vehicle license online or offline, once the form submission process is complete, you will have to appear for a driving test, taken by a Motor Vehicle Inspector, at the allotted center on the designated day

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Permanent Driving license & Eligibility Criteria

In India, the government of India has mandated to obtain the driving license to drive vehicles, be it two-wheeler, four-wheeler, or any LCV and HCV vehicles.

To obtain a driving license, the citizen has to follow the certain process prescribed by law. The Driving license is issued by the Regional Transport Office (RTO). To get a permanent driving license, the applicant must get a learner license first and after one month, the applicant can apply for a permanent driving license.

We will provide more information related to the driving license issued by the RTO office in India in this article.

Driving License in India

It is mandatory to have a permanent driving license in India to drive any motor vehicle under the Motor vehicle Act 1988.

The process to get the driving license is simple but it is time-consuming because the applicants will not be issued a permanent driving license first, it will be issued only after the learner license and driving test.

Why do individuals need to have a Driving License in India?

Driving license is an important official document in India not only to drive vehicles but also it serves multipurpose document.

Driving License as ID proof

The driving license issued by the RTO office can be used as a ID proof, it act as personal identification and in certain cases it will be used as address proof. The driving license is a national identification and it can be used all over India as a proof of identity.

Mandatory for Driving

It is not just a document to store in a cupboard, the user has to carry the driving license (a photocopy will be accepted) to be provided to the traffic officials on road, the driver has to provide the document on demand, failed to which there will be a penalty.

Details Provided in the Driving License

The below-mentioned details will be provided in the driving license issued by the Regional Transport Offices India.

  • Driving License (DL) holder photograph because of this aspect the DL is used as photo ID in India.
  • Unique DL number will be provided to the DL holder and which ensures the unique ID document of RTO authority.
  • The authority which issues the DL – Region, State, and other details will be provided in the DL card.
  • RTO authority issuing the DL with signature, stamp and hologram fixed on the card.

Details Provided in the Driving License

In India, two types of license are issued by the RTO offices, one is Learner License and the other is Permenant Driving License.

Learner Licence (LLR)

First, the user needs to apply for the Learner License (LLR) before applying for a permanent driving license. To get the LLR the user have to appear for a small written test related to road rules, later the user needs to provide relevant documents to get the LLR. 

The learner license (LLR) is valid for six months, within this period the user can apply for a permanent license after one month of getting the LLR.

Permanent Licence

The user can apply for the permanent driving license after one month period of receiving the LLR. To get the permanent driving license the user will have to appear for the driving test at the respective RTO offices. Based on driving test performance the RTO authority will qualify pass or fail. 

The driving test qualified will undergo the next stage of the driving license issuing process of document verification, fee payment and photograph, etc. The permanent driving license will be issued within a day of passing the driving test.

The person who failed the driving test can reappear again after a certain period of time to complete the process of permanent driving license issuing procedure.

Eligibility criteria to apply for a Driving License in India

The driving license and LLR is given dependent on the class of engine vehicle. In light of this, the qualification models shift. The accompanying table gives an outline of the most well-known class of vehicles in India.

Since you’ve a brief on the class of engine vehicle that you ought to apply for, let us check out the qualification models for getting a driving permit in India.

Documents Required for Driving License

The user needs to provide a set of documents alongside the driving license application. The table underneath gives an outline of the list of documents required while applying for a learner license (LLR) and permenant driving license in India.

How to Apply for Driving License?

The person willing to get the permanent driving license has to get learner license first with supporting documents. Then the applicant can apply for permanent driving license to the respective RTO office in his/her locality where LLR was applied.

Driving Licenses Fees

How to take Driving Test on RTO?

The applicant has to undergo driving test to get the permanent driving license for any vehicle type. The test procedure has been mentioned below:

Test Procedure for two-wheelers

For two wheeler driving test, the user has to drive motorcycle in 8 shape without touching his/her feet on ground, along with this the driver has to show the indicator signals that needs to be done on road driving during the driving test.

Test Procedure for four-wheelers

For four wheeler the applicant needs to drive the car in the forward direction, reverse gear mode, gear change modes and parking way on roads.

What is International Driving License?

An international driving license is a legal document provided by the RTO office in India to drive on international roads during citizen travel to abroad countries. (For more details read the International Driving License article)

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